Tutoring Methods and Services
The Laubach Literacy Instructional Program
The Temple Literacy Council trains its volunteer tutors in the Laubach method of instruction. In the 1930’s, while working in the Philippines, Frank C. Laubach originated a method of teaching adults to read and write in their own language. This method was tested and refined over the years as it was used to teach adults to read in many local languages. Laubach carried the slogan “Each One Teach One” into 100 nations. He founded Laubach Literacy International, which conducts literacy programs in the United States, Canada, Latin America, the Near East, and India.
The Laubach Literacy International instructional program is based on the bottom-up reading model, but also includes some top-down activities. A bottom-up reading model is a reading model that:
- Emphasizes the written or printed text.
- Says reading is driven by a process that results in meaning (or, in other words, reading is driven by text).
- Proceeds from part to whole.
The bottom-up aspect of the program uses a primer based on the phonics approach, while the top-down aspect of the program uses language experience, which is a global approach.
The Laubach Literacy instructional program includes several basic assumptions: community involvement exists to encourage literacy, motivation to read exists on the part of the community and learners, trained volunteer tutors or teachers are available from the community, and curriculum materials are made available to the instructors/tutors.
Typical curriculum materials for Laubach Literacy include:
- Primer(s) or basic instructional materials
- Correlated readers
- Teacher’s guides
- Materials for reading and writing activities apart from primer
Principles found to be of particular value to the Laubach Literacy instructional
- Letters of the alphabet and the sounds they stand for are taught in a systematic manner.
- Learning is through association rather than through rote memory. Letters and sounds are introduced through keywords with picture association.
- Lessons move from the known to the unknown.
- Familiar vocabulary is used. The vocabulary is controlled, limiting the number of new words in each lesson.
- Repetition is used to strengthen the visual image.
- Meaningful content is used.
- There is something new in each lesson.
- Independence in learning is encouraged. The uniformity of each lesson makes it easy for learners to help themselves.
- Reading and writing are connected in each lesson to help reinforce skills.
- Lessons are planned for maximum self-help and minimum teacher help.
This article was edited from an article written by Martha Lane, Leah B. Walter, and Ken Boothe for the SIL International Website.
English as a Second Language Tutoring
English as a Second Language (ESL) is an natural offshoot of literacy training. Instruction offered to the ESL student is generally according to the Laubach teaching method of “Each one teach one,” although in some cases two or three students attend sessions together. Listening, speaking, reading and writing skills are taught in a simple form for easy comprehension and in an atmosphere of caring and compassion. Sessions are usually one to two hours in length once or twice weekly.
Functional literacy is usually the first and foremost goal of both student and tutor. Survival skills, such as the ability to read and comprehend public signage and shop for groceries, are often incorporated into the sessions. The literacy needs vary from student to student and the tutors make every effort to meet those needs. The result is a rewarding and challenging experience for both student and tutor.
Temple Literacy Council has served students from a multitude of countries all over the world.